DOI: 10.18129/B9.bioc.CAnD    

This is the development version of CAnD; for the stable release version, see CAnD.

Perform Chromosomal Ancestry Differences (CAnD) Analyses

Bioconductor version: Development (3.8)

Functions to perform the CAnD test on a set of ancestry proportions. For a particular ancestral subpopulation, a user will supply the estimated ancestry proportion for each sample, and each chromosome or chromosomal segment of interest. A p-value for each chromosome as well as an overall CAnD p-value will be returned for each test. Plotting functions are also available.

Author: Caitlin McHugh, Timothy Thornton

Maintainer: Caitlin McHugh <mchughc at>

Citation (from within R, enter citation("CAnD")):


To install this package, start R and enter:

if (!require("BiocManager"))
BiocManager::install("CAnD", version = "devel")


To view documentation for the version of this package installed in your system, start R and enter:



PDF R Script Detecting heterogenity in population structure across chromosomes with the "CAnD" package
PDF   Reference Manual


biocViews GeneticVariability, Genetics, SNP, Software, StatisticalMethod
Version 1.13.0
In Bioconductor since BioC 3.1 (R-3.2) (3.5 years)
License Artistic-2.0
Imports methods, ggplot2, reshape
Suggests RUnit, BiocGenerics, BiocStyle
Depends On Me
Imports Me
Suggests Me
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Source Package CAnD_1.13.0.tar.gz
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Mac OS X 10.11 (El Capitan) CAnD_1.13.0.tgz
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